When Did Vikings Invade England?

By Phuc Le on Mar 30, 2023

The Viking Age is a significant period in European history that saw the Vikings, Scandinavian seafarers, undertake numerous raids and invasions throughout Europe. One of the most notable invasions was the Vikings' invasion of England. In this article, we will delve into the details of when the Vikings invaded England.

The Viking Raids on England

Early Viking Raids

The first recorded Viking raid on England occurred in 793 AD. The Viking raiders attacked the monastery on the island of Lindisfarne, off the northeast coast of England. The monks were slaughtered, and the monastery looted, marking the beginning of Viking attacks on England.

Viking Invasions

The Vikings continued to raid England throughout the 9th century. In 865 AD, the Great Heathen Army of Vikings landed in England, led by the Danish Viking, Ivar the Boneless. The Great Heathen Army was made up of several Viking groups that had joined forces to conquer England. The Vikings' invasion of England was met with resistance from the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, but the Vikings ultimately emerged victorious.

The Danelaw

After the Vikings successfully conquered England, they established their rule in the region, dividing the land into several kingdoms. The Viking-controlled region was known as the Danelaw and included much of modern-day England. The Danelaw lasted for over a century before the Anglo-Saxons regained control of England.

The Impact of Viking Invasions on England

Cultural Influence

The Vikings' invasion of England had a significant impact on English culture. The Vikings brought with them their language, Old Norse, which had a lasting impact on the English language. Many English words today have their roots in Old Norse, including the words "sky," "knife," and "cake."

Political Influence

The Vikings' invasion of England also had political implications. The Viking conquests led to the establishment of Viking-controlled kingdoms in England. These kingdoms had their own laws and customs and were often in conflict with the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The Viking conquests also contributed to the weakening of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, making it easier for the Normans to conquer England in 1066.

Economic Influence

The Viking invasion of England also had economic implications. The Vikings' raids on England's coastal towns and villages led to the destruction of many of these settlements, leading to economic hardship for the affected regions. However, the Vikings' control of England's trade routes led to the growth of towns and cities, which contributed to England's economic growth.


The Vikings' invasion of England was a significant event in English history, marking the beginning of Viking attacks on England and the establishment of Viking-controlled kingdoms in England. The Vikings' influence on English culture, politics, and economy is still felt today.

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